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Munich Old Town Hall
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Munich's Old Town Hall is one of the most popular attractions not only in the city itself, but in Germany as a whole. Erected in the late 14th century, the building has undergone not only many events, but also several important reconstructions throughout its centuries-old history. Beginning of history It is believed that the first description of the old Munich city hall dates back to 1310. It was built on the east side of Marienplatz square, where at the same time there was already a tower that served as a defensive structure. The tower gate was the main one, through which food and various household items were imported into the city. According to historical documents, it was in this place that one of the main road arteries of the country was located. It was on this road that merchants entered the city, drove cattle, and passed troops with all military weapons. A few decades later, a great hall was added to the tower, then some outbuildings. The city expanded and by the early 14th century the tower had lost its status as a defensive structure and had become an ordinary tower in the City Hall. The history of the Munich City Hall is quite rich. The building, in the way it is presented to tourists now, was built over ten years, from 1470 to 1480. The work was supervised by the then famous teacher Jörg von Halsbach. Not far from the building was a popular drinking house throughout the district. After the meetings at the Town Hall, all the participants often moved there and it was there that their negotiations ended.
Architectural changes
In 1460, the building was struck by lightning and caused severe damage. The late Gothic style that Jörg von Halsbach gave to the old Munich city hall survived until the middle of the 16th century. Then it was rebuilt again, and Renaissance architects made Renaissance changes. In 1861, the building again underwent a major renovation, now with the introduction of neo-Gothic elements. By the way, the building received its name from "Old Town Hall" during this period. The name has survived to this day. Until 1874, the Munich city council held meetings in the building. In 1874, it moved into a new building next door, and the City Hall simply became the Old City Hall.
Marienplatz Square One of the main attractions tourists are willing to travel long distances to is Marienplatz, Munich's main square. The Old Town Hall is inextricably linked to it: when they speak of a square, they refer to the Town Hall, and vice versa. All hiking trails lead to the city center, to Marienplatz. During its centennial existence, the square has changed several names. The market square is the first name, since in this territory there were Wine Market, Egg, Sennoy, Rybny, Myasnoy. In addition, the market played the role of a temporary transshipment point. It was here that Salt Road passed. With the development of arable agriculture and the spread of cereals, the area received the name of Grain in several decades. How to get to the City Hall In Munich, the address of the Old City Hall is as follows: Marienplatz 15 Square. If you came to Munich on your own, you can get to the city center in three ways: taxi, train or bus. Two electric train lines pass through the central station. If you have chosen a shuttle bus, keep in mind that on average it will take you around an hour. The public transport stop is at the main exit of the airport. Buses arrive promptly every 20 minutes. The ticket costs about eight euros. Taxis are easy to order at the airport terminal at special counters, you can use private cars or request transportation yourself by downloading the application on your smartphone.
Kristallnacht An event associated with the old Munich city hall that has forever left its mark on the history of human development. Everyone knows that during WWII, the Nazis brutally persecuted and exterminated the Jews as a nation. On the night of November 9-10, 1938, a wave of well-coordinated pogroms swept through Nazi Germany. The robberies were committed by sympathetic military detachments and individual citizens. The attacks exclusively targeted Jewish media and synagogues. All the windows in the shops and buildings were smashed, the shop windows were shattered. The reason for such massive destruction was the attack by a young Polish Jew on a German diplomat working at the German Embassy in France. This attempt was perceived by the Nazi leaders as an attack against the Führer himself. This precedent became the starting point for the persecution and persecution of the Jews. And the corridors of the Old City Hall are the place where, according to historical documents, Hitler and his associates worked on the details of this operation. The old city hall and the war The Nazis certainly gave Munich's old city hall a bad name. During the war, the tower suffered severe damage. In 1944, the tower and the main building of the City Hall were completely destroyed by bombs, which dropped allied aircraft into the area. After the end of the war, ten years later, the restoration of the Old Town Hall building began. The famous architect Erwin Schleich took over this business.
Reconstruction began in 1953. In five years he managed to restore the Ballroom and several small rooms. The second phase of construction began in 1971. During four years, the craftsmen managed to restore the tower. Two years later, the Council Hall was recreated. When reconstructing the general view of the Old Town Hall, the experts were guided by its appearance in the 15th century. Therefore, the period of the Neo-Gothic restoration can be seen in pictures in architectural reference books and art books.
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Schipslootweg 167 Nijelamer, Friesland(FR), 8487 GK 06-21891307
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